Warts are tumors on the skin or mucous membranes that form as a result of uncontrolled growth of the surface layers of the epidermis and papillary dermis. This is a benign neoplasm that is viral in nature. They are formed as a result of infection with various types of HPV (human papillomavirus). Warts tend to grow and recur, and are highly contagious (contagious). According to the WHO, 80% of the world’s population is infected with human papillomavirus infection.
Because of the appearance
Many of us are carriers of the papilloma virus, even if they don’t know about it. Naturally, there are more than 100 types of HPV, when infected, various types of warts form. Infection occurs in two ways - contact or household. You can catch the infection through the infected person’s objects, ordinary items, in the event of a violation of personal hygiene standards. Those who like to visit baths, saunas, swimming pools are the most at risk. The virus reproduces actively in warm and humid environments and can survive for a long time on a variety of surfaces.
Once on the skin, the virus easily enters the body through the smallest damage (small scratches, abrasions, abrasions) and, under favorable conditions, begins to multiply actively in the surface layer of the epidermis. But pathogens can only attack actively when the immune system is weak. If a person is healthy, the immune system quickly blocks the multiplication of the virus and puts it in a latent state. As a result, the infection can "fall asleep" in the body for a long time and wake up only in favorable conditions. Provoking factors that lead to a decline in immune defenses include:
- chronic illness or recent infection;
- bad habits, unhealthy diet and lifestyle;
- severe stressful situations;
- endocrine pathology (diabetes mellitus, hormonal disorders);
- immune deficiency conditions;
- violating standards of personal hygiene.
Plantar warts can be infected by wearing other people’s shoes, genital warts can be acquired through sexual contact with a random partner. There are also frequent cases of self -infection, when warts easily form on the face or body with unintentional cuts during shaving or skin damage during the epilation process. Small wounds are the gateway to infection where the virus easily enters the body and begins its destructive work.
Type of wart: photo
What do Warts Look Like? The appearance of a neoplasm largely depends on the modification of the virus and its diversity. A visual representation of the types of warts and papillomas is given by photographs with descriptions presented later in the article.
This is the most common type of wart. They appear on different parts of the body, look like round nodules, resembling nuts. They can have different sizes and colors (from pink to brown), located individually or in groups. Such neoplasms on the face or open areas of the body (e. g. , on the fingers) are considered cosmetic defects, so many seek to eliminate the growth in any way.
Simple warts are not painful and do not cause much discomfort (except aesthetics). But if such neoplasms are permanently traumatized, there is a risk of malignant degeneration. Therefore, doctors advise to remove any suspicious tumors on the body.
This type of neoplasm gets its name due to the fact that growths with a smooth and flat surface are more often formed in adolescents and young people. This is due to the reorganization of the body during puberty. Hormonal disorders contribute to decreased immunity and viral activation.
Flesh -colored neoplasms, almost merging with the skin, appear in groups and more often form in open areas of the body.
This type of neoplasm is a soft and elongated growth on the pedicle that resembles a papilloma. Often, these tumors form in the armpits, on the neck, along the hairline, on the eyelids or on the face. The soft tissue of filamentous warts is easily injured. It is very easy to damage it during shaving or during hygiene procedures.
Acrochords are prone to recurrence - several new formations often appear at the site of removed growth.
Such neoplasms are distinguished by a dense structure and have deep roots extending to the depths of the dermis. It is formed on the soles or palms of the hands in places subjected to normal mechanical stress. This is the most unpleasant and painful type of wart. Certain discomforts are caused by plantar or thorny growths, which cause severe pain when walking, limit mobility and are difficult to treat.
Warts photos allow you to consider the appearance of such neoplasms. Plantar warts differ from other growths in the shape of a cone with a depression in the center. If you steam it in hot water and peel the upper stratum corneum, black spots appear on the surface. These are thrombosed capillaries that penetrate the growth structure.
Genitals (genital warts)
Genital warts form in the genital area. The main reason for their appearance is unprotected sexual intercourse, frequent exchange of partners. In this case, the papilloma virus enters the body through micro damage to the mucous membranes during sexual intercourse. Genital warts look like soft papillary formations on the pedicle.
They appear in groups and can spread rapidly to involve the perineum and anorectal areas. Such growths are easily injured, bleed, cause painful sensations during sexual intercourse, during defecation or urination, or cause psychological problems.
The appearance of senile warts is not associated with viral activity. Such growths (keratomas) are formed as a result of uncontrolled division of epidermal cells. Excessive growth of the surface layer of the epithelium gives rise to hormonal disorders associated with aging of the body and prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. Pigmented keratin plaques of various sizes and shapes appear in plural forms on the body, arms, neck, and back of the hands.
Pictures of senile warts (age -related keratomas) clearly show their characteristics and differences from other growths that are viral in nature. Such formations can develop over time, and if damaged, bleed and become inflamed, which increases the risk of malignant degeneration.
If there are suspicious lesions on the skin or mucous membranes, you should seek the advice of a dermatologist. After the examination, the specialist will make a correct diagnosis, determine the type of neoplasm and recommend a treatment regimen.
Often, dermatologists advise removing non -aesthetic growths with medication or with the help of hardware procedures.
Treatment for warts should be comprehensive. To achieve positive results and prevent recurrence of viral infections, it is necessary not only to remove the growth, but also to prevent the reproduction of pathogens. A dermatologist will help you choose an effective treatment regimen, taking into account the strain of HPV, the type of neoplasm, the individual characteristics of the patient (age, the presence of chronic diseases and contraindications).
To get rid of warts at home, the following groups of medications are advised:
- crystal preparation.
The use of any medication must be agreed with the physician. Improper and careless treatment will not prevent the virus from multiplying or prevent the warts from recurring.
Keratolytic agents based on salicylic or trichloroacetic acid soften the rough stratum corneum on the surface of the wart. After cleaning from dead scales, the base of the formation is open, and the active ingredients of drugs with cauterizing and necrotizing effect more easily penetrate into pathological tissues.
Medicines with mummy effects include solutions containing aggressive acids and alkalis. For the treatment of genital warts on the mucous membranes, drugs with a milder effect are used - solutions, gels. Such drugs should be used with caution, avoiding contact of aggressive components on healthy skin.
The clotting drug acts by analogy with the method of cryodestruction, that is, it freezes the wart tissue, as a result of which it dies and disappears after a few days. Such products are available in the form of aerosol cans with a convenient applicator to use refrigerant.
Drugs that prevent the spread of the virus and strengthen local immunity will help to consolidate the results achieved. This includes preparations for oral administration or agents for external treatment in the form of ointments, gels, creams.
Instead of hardware techniques, proven methods are used to combat warts - cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen) or electrocoagulation (moxibustion with electric current).
Instead of modern and safe options, many prefer laser procedures or radio wave methods. Laser thermal radiation or radio waves evaporates wart tissue at a strictly set depth, without touching healthy tissue. This avoids complications and reduces the recovery period to a minimum.
Restoration of the people
Of the folk remedies, celandine juice or preparations based on it are most often used to get rid of warts. In addition, it is recommended to treat tumors with a solution of vinegar, garlic tincture, green apple juice. The acidic and alkaline environment kills the virus and helps get rid of the neoplasm. Be sure to check with your doctor before using any alternative prescriptions.