According to the World Health Organization, every fifth person in the world is a carrier of the papillomavirus (HPV) virus, which has more than 100 strains. Small formations on the skin or mucous membranes, or papillomas, are benign tumors.
There are several types of skin growth:
- flat warts;
- pornographic wart formation;
- genital warts;
- acrocord (filamentous warts);
- bladder and urethral papillomas;
- papillomatosis organ ENT.
Infection with papillomavirus occurs through contact with an infected person. First of all, abrasions, cuts, and scratches on the skin are infected. HPV is activated by decreased immunity.
Because there is a high risk of papilloma degeneration into a malignant neoplasm, doctors recommend removing the skin growth. The most common, painless and safest method is papilloma removal with a laser. This procedure is available in many medical centers and clinics in our country.
The peculiarity of papillomavirus is that various neoplasms appear on the skin (most often on the neck, face, hands, on the décolleté). A large number of HPV carriers, in this case, experience psychological discomfort, therefore, its growth is removed for aesthetic reasons.
However, there are several reasons when doctors advise to get rid of skin growths. It is indicated to remove papillomas in the following cases:
- painful sensation and discomfort (itching, burning) in the area of the neoplasm;
- changes in color and size of the accumulation;
It is best to remove the papilloma if exposed to external influences, such as ultraviolet rays, trauma, friction, when it forms in problem areas, for example in the armpits, in the chest, etc.
Although the procedure is safe, there are a number of contraindications.
You cannot remove a papilloma with a laser in the following situations:
- Bring a baby. In rare cases, if there are indications for a pregnant woman, the neoplasm is removed. This happened when she was diagnosed with genital warts. This allows you to protect the fetus from infection.
- Breastfeeding. During breastfeeding in women, hormone levels change, which can be the reason for long -term wound healing.
- Immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or a viral disease that affects the immune system (HIV). In this case, there is a great danger of spread of infection and slow healing of the wound surface.
- Epilepsy. This procedure can trigger an epileptic seizure. If an attack begins during a session, damage to a healthy epidermis is possible.
- Low platelet concentrations threaten bleeding, which is difficult to stop.
- Cancerous tumors.
Lasers should not be used for colds, herpetic eruptions in the papilloma area, with diabetes mellitus and after recent exposure to ultraviolet rays (sunburned skin).
In any case, the doctor can make the final decision. You cannot perform the procedure without first consulting a dermatologist, gynecologist and other specialists, depending on the type of papilloma.
Effectiveness of the method
Laser removal is the safest, least traumatic and painless technique for removing skin neoplasms. Its effectiveness is confirmed by the following facts:
- absence of bleeding and edema, because the laser sticks blood vessels together without damaging healthy skin areas;
- rapid wound healing, absence of scars: after 5-7 days, there is not a single trace on the skin (very important if skin growth is located on the face, eyes, neck), long-term recovery is not required;
- exclusion of wound infections, because the laser does not come into contact with the skin, ensures infertility and has a bacterial effect;
- short session duration: on average, the procedure is not more than 10 minutes, with various formations - slightly longer;
- lack of anesthesia: the patient feels a slight tingling sensation, almost no pain;
- once: one session is enough to remove the papillomavirus;
- penetration depth control: it varies depending on the type of accumulation.
This procedure has no age restrictions and provides a quick and comfortable recovery.
Among the disadvantages of this technique, the impossibility to study the removed formations and the relatively high cost of manipulation were observed. Therefore, doctors recommend taking an analysis for tumor markers before papilloma removal with a laser to make sure the existing growth is harmless.
Proper preparation for laser papilloma resection guarantees the absence of complications, maximum efficiency and effectiveness.
The following doctor's recommendations must be strictly adhered to two weeks before the procedure:
- do not visit the solarium;
- avoid exposure to ultraviolet rays: do not sunbathe when going outside, lubricate the area where you plan to use laser exposure with sunscreen;
- do not perform exfoliation and other cosmetic procedures;
- limit contact with detergents.
Before surgery to remove papilloma with laser, it is also necessary to undergo some medical examination:
- general blood analysis;
- research for HIV infection, hepatitis, PED (diagnosis of syphilis);
- biopsy of skin neoplasm tissue to explain its nature (benign / malignant).
If necessary, the doctor may refer you to an oncologist to consult and prescribe additional studies.
Laser removal surgery is a minimally invasive surgery, so it is performed outpatiently (in a polyclinic).
To perform such manipulations, doctors use carbon dioxide, holmium or infrared lasers with the generation of simple or fractional (fractional) beams. To remove papillomas in enclosed areas of the body (in the groin, perineum, armpits, etc. ), moderate radiation is used. On the face, neck, eyelids, arms, chest - fractions, do not affect the inner layers of the epidermis, because the maximum cosmetic effect is guaranteed (no scars).
- Before the procedure, the doctor gives a cream on the neoplasm, which has a mild analgesic effect.
- Then the device directs the laser beam to the epidermis.
- Fractional carbon dioxide clogs blood vessels. It happens as follows: the cells that make up the papilloma are 75% water. Under the influence of the laser, the water from the cells evaporates, the harmful cells are destroyed, all the layers of HPV are gradually removed. In addition, there is automatic disinfection of the treated area, which prevents the formation of bleeding and complications, skin regrowth.
- At the end of the session, the doctor applies a sterile bandage or bacterial patch and lets the patient go home.
The duration of the session is short and depends on the complexity, size of the neoplasm and the area of the affected area. It lasts from 10 to 40 minutes. Complicated cases require repeated repetition of the procedure. In this case, at least two weeks should elapse between manipulations.
One of the advantages of papilloma removal with laser is fast wound healing. The recovery period will not last more than a week. A key condition for early recovery is the elimination of friction and irritation in areas where fractional carbon dioxide affects the skin.
Expert advice will help prevent complications and speed up the healing process:
- carry out treatment with external agents prescribed by the attending physician;
- do not wet the affected skin area for 2-3 days;
- avoid exposure to sunlight and do not sunbathe for a month (it is better to carry out the procedure in winter, when the sun is not active);
- don't be too cold;
- refuse to visit the sauna, swimming pool, bath for at least 2 weeks;
- do not peel the crust formed at the site of removal, it will disappear on its own within a week.
Improper care or lack thereof will cause infection in the wound, as a result of which scars and scars may remain.
Laser papilloma removal is a modern method of minimally invasive surgery, which in 98% of cases guarantees good results and quick recovery. In order not to fall into the 2%risk, you only need to trust a licensed qualified specialist to perform the procedure and positive customer reviews.
It should be understood that clinics that specialize in laser removal from benign skin lesions offer expensive services. After all, this manipulation is rather complicated. The price for it depends on the size, the number of papillomas, the area of the HPV lesion and increases when it comes to advanced stages of papillomavirus.
Seeking timely medical help is a guarantor of good health, 100% getting rid of infections without serious consequences.