Getting rid of warts is a mandatory step, as neoplasms can cause discomfort in a person and look bad on the skin. Although this formation is not itchy and often painless, it is derived from a virus, as a result of which it easily spreads throughout the human body. This is why many doctors recommend removing warts. For this, experts choose the most suitable method.
Causes of warts
Warts are growths on the epidermis, the parameters range from 1 millimeter to 1 centimeter. The cause of the appearance of warts on the epithelium is papillomavirus, which is infected during contact with the carrier of the virus.
Sometimes a person can freely contribute to the spread of infection on their skin, for example, if they use the same razor or towel. Such infections in medicine are called autoinoculation.
Warts or warts with sharp ends are most often located in the genital area, so they can only be "picked up" during intercourse.
You can be infected with a virus if a person has abrasions or cuts on the skin. Once the papillomavirus enters the skin, it moves to the cell nucleus, where the reproductive process begins. If a person has strong immunity, easily infected cells will be destroyed. Otherwise, nearby cells become infected and warts appear on the epidermis.
Types of warts
Papules are of several types: normal, flat, plantar, and pointed. Common neoplasms appear regardless of a person's age group. According to statistics, about 70% of children get sick with the virus. The location of growth localization is the back of the hand and the skin between the fingers. Occasionally, warts appear on the face, near the lips and palms.
The round formation can grow up to 1 cm above the epithelial level. The color of papules is similar to the color of healthy skin, which is why they are difficult to notice in the early stages of the disease. If the formation has been long on the skin, other small growths will form nearby. To get rid of papules, you should remove the mother's warts, in this case, the small neoplasm will not be eaten and it will also disappear.
Flat papilloma occurs in 4% of people on the planet. They are round and polygonal in shape with a flat, flat surface. Shades of pale pink warts, and practically do not rise above the surface of the skin. Localized on the back of the hands, neck, face, in the chest area. Sometimes found near the genitals in both men and women.
Papular papules are found in the soles of the feet. They have a rough surface and are quite similar to the combined growth. The characteristic feature of these warts is the painful sensation during their palpation. Also, plantar papules bring discomfort when walking.
Condyloma with a pointed tip causes pain and discomfort in humans. They are located on the skin that connects to the mucous membranes: around the lips, in the anus, near the urethra, near the external intimate organs and in the conjunctiva.
Warts grow in clusters and look like cauliflower or a rooster comb. Often, its growth cracks and paves the way for various infections. To avoid serious illness, you should consider getting rid of warts.
When should you get rid of warts?
A large number of warts do not interfere with a person's life, so no one is in a hurry to see a doctor. With significant cosmetic defects, infectious infections in other areas of the epithelium, large growth parameters, strong papule growth, discoloration and discoloration, painful sensations when walking and palpitations papilloma, bleeding from papules, alarm should be sounded.
Wart cutting techniques:
- radio wave removal;
- removal with liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction);
- laser removal;
- surgical intervention;
Alternative methods and combined monotherapy also help to get rid of genital warts.
Doctors treat warts with cytotoxic drugs and immunostimulatory drugs.
Features of electrocautery warts
The procedure in which the specialist uses an electrocoagulator is considered one of the safest and most effective. Papules are burned with a special electrode, which is heated to a very high temperature under the influence of high frequency currents. After surgery, dry sores (crusts) form at the site of excision, which disappears on their own after 10-14 days.
Manipulation is performed under local anesthesia, so that the patient does not feel pain and discomfort. The maximum that the patient can feel during the operation is a slight tingling sensation in the area removed. After electrocautery, the patient does not experience scarring or scarring at the wound site. Complete skin healing takes about 2 weeks.
The core of radio wave removal
This technique has been used by doctors lately and has made it effective and safe. For cutting skin lesions using radio waves, specialists use special tools. Their peculiarity is that they emit radio waves at frequencies of 3, 8 to 4 MHz.
This technology makes it possible to increase the pathological growth without contacting the epidermis. During the procedure, not only the top layer of skin is removed, but also the roots of the condyloma. The patient did not experience pain during manipulation. After surgery, there were no scars or scars on the epithelium. The material produced can be submitted for additional histological studies to determine whether its growth is benign or malignant.
About the production of cryodestruction
Liquid Nitrogen Warts Removal is very popular because it is effective and safe. Cryodestruction allows you to remove plantar papilloma even without the risk of bleeding and infection.
If the formation has small parameters, it can be removed in one manipulation, and if large and with deep roots, most likely the patient will need to undergo double surgery.
After being removed with liquid nitrogen, scabies appears at the site of the papule, which disappears after 1. 5-2 weeks, and a new pink skin remains in place. The disadvantage of the technology is the formation of scars and small scars on the epithelium, and because of inexperienced doctors, there is a risk of not completely eliminating the growth.
Papilloma excision with laser has a number of advantages: painless operation, no blemishes on the skin in the form of scars and scars, no need for special wound treatment, scabies escaped from the epidermis 3-4 days after manipulation.
This procedure is characterized by laser blocking of microscopic ducts in the wart area, making surgery as easy as possible without blood. Condyloma reconstruction is impossible, as interventions are performed with sterile equipment. Specialists send out removed tissue for histological examination.
Surgery and chemotherapy
Surgical assistance is needed if the neoplasm is large. The operation was performed under local anesthesia. This technique is considered traumatic, and after the defect remains on the skin. With surgery, there is a possibility of re-entry of papillomavirus into the blood.
Sometimes the method of removing the sharp and flat papules is not as effective as we would like, therefore, to remove defects, acid solutions or special drugs are used. The duration of chemotherapy is at least six procedures.
The solution is applied gradually towards growth, then after a certain period of time the drugs are washed off. To prevent allergies or burns, therapy is carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor.
Removing warts using folk methods
In folk medicine, there are many ways to help get rid of warts once and for all. Some methods are very helpful, others on the contrary, can aggravate the problem.
A popular suggestion is to rub the neoplasm with fresh garlic daily until it falls off. People also take magnesium (powder). The powder should be taken daily at a dose of 5 grams.
The celandine method is quite effective. Twice a day it is necessary to lubricate the growth with celandine juice. This procedure is performed until the papule escapes from the skin on its own.
Another popular method is freezing condyloma. Every day you need to apply a lump of artificial ice to the warts and keep for 5-10 minutes. After a few such sessions, the accumulation will disappear.
An aggressive method of getting rid of warts in folk medicine is to burn papules with acetic acid.
Every day, 1 drop of acid should be applied to the skin infected with papillomavirus, and over time, the pathological formation will disappear. Do not apply more than 1 drop to the epithelium, as irritation or allergic reactions will occur.
You should be wary of unconventional methods, as this is not a guarantee that someone will get rid of the problem.
If the procedure at home does not help to get rid of the tumor yourself, you should seek qualified medical help from a dermatologist or surgeon.