Papillomas in the body appear as a result of human papillomavirus infection. By puberty, human papillomavirus (HPV) can be found in most people. It is in the inactive phase. But under the influence of predisposing factors, due to damage to the skin, HPV is activated and papillomatous features appear. Most of them are harmless and just cosmetic defects. But it is very important to determine why a papilloma appears in the body and whether it is related to an oncological process.
Certain HPV strains cause malignant tissue hyperplasia. Due to the risk of oncological neoplasm growth, regardless of the cause of the appearance of papilloma in the body, treatment is carried out mainly by surgical methods. If skin growth appears, you must see a dermatologist first. If neoplasms are found in the genital area, visit a venereologist. Specialists can accurately determine what causes papilloma in the body and mucous membranes, identify HPV strains and determine oncogenic risk.
What papillomas can appear in the body
Externally, the papilloma resembles the growth of a horn that extends beyond the upper layers of the skin. Neoplasms usually have thin stems. Papillomas on the body can be single or grouped. They look like mushrooms. Their color is only slightly different from healthy skin color. Papillomas on the body and in photos are often different. There are many pictures of neoplasms in the network that are worth studying to at least understand whether to go to the doctor or not. From the photo you can see how the papilloma looks on the body, and how - for example, a mole or melanoma. But only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis.
The most common type of papilloma in the body:
- moderate or vulgar - looks like the most common round nodules appearing on the hand, located in groups, detected mainly in childhood;
- flat or youthful - slightly higher papules have a smooth surface, appearing on the skin of limbs or mucous membranes;
- plantar - looks like a dense nodule, covered with a keratin crust on top, can cause a painful sensation while walking;
- thread-like - small growths of longitudinal flesh, more often appearing in old age on the skin of the neck, on the face, can be damaged during hygiene procedures and become inflamed;
- genital warts - these types of warts are the most dangerous, as they are provoked by high-risk oncogenic HPV strains, external neoplasms resemble the accumulation of cauliflower, they appear in the perineum, in the male and female genitals, and can affect the bladder and cervix.
Common causes of papilloma in the body
The main cause of the appearance of papilloma in the body is the entry of papillomavirus through small skin lesions or personal infections during shaving and daily hygiene procedures.
The following factors may provoke the growth of papillomatous neoplasms:
- clear intimate life;
- acute and chronic urogenital infections, genital warts on the genitals and perineum skin;
- hormonal disorders;
- strong decrease in immunity;
- persistent trauma to the skin and mucous membranes.
Often, people with papillomas on the body suffer from chronic papillomatous infections. For a long time, this virus went unnoticed. After decreased immunity, HPV is activated. Severe infectious diseases, previous surgery, radiation treatment, working in poor conditions, constant stress, strong physical and psycho-emotional stress, low quality diet with low vitamin and mineral content can trigger weak immune defenses.
The cause of papilloma in the body in women is often associated with hormonal changes in the body during menopause or pregnancy. Fluctuations in the sex hormone ratio create favorable conditions for active reproduction of HPV and tissue hyperplasia. At risk are women with genital warts, which are transmitted mainly through intimate contact with carriers of genital warts.
Cervical cancer and papilloma in the body
The main danger of papilloma in the body is the risk of neoplasm malignancy. In women, papillomatous growth can lead to a serious disease - cervical cancer. HPV types 16 and 18 are responsible for this pathology. According to statistics, more than 500 thousand working-age women worldwide are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year. Half of them seek medical help that is already in the final stages of the disease, when it is difficult to help them fully recover. Every woman should know what a human papillomavirus is, how it enters the human body and how she can protect herself from malignant cervical hyperplasia.
When papilloma appears in the body, a thorough diagnosis should be made, to identify the possibility of a corresponding urogenital infection. HPV can cause hyperplasia of the cervical lining. If a woman does not do preventive screening for a long time, she will not know about the presence of papilloma in the genitals and may miss the growth of malignant formation.
If there is a papilloma on the body, it is recommended to do the following examination:
- type virus using PCR diagnostics;
- take a swab from the cervix and foreskin on men;
- immunological analysis;
- blood tests for sexually transmitted infections;
- biopsy, cytology and tissue histology.
An integrated approach to screening allows us to assess all possible risks of the disease and understand how to treat papillomas in the body in order to completely get rid of neoplasms and prevent them from recurring in the future.
Important! HPV has almost no symptoms. The neoplasm does not manifest itself for a long time. Small growths on the skin do not cause discomfort, but if injured, it can be inflamed and violent.
But normal papillomas on the body can be dangerous if they are frequently injured and exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Such neoplasms must be removed in a timely manner to avoid tissue magnetism under the influence of age-related changes and adverse environmental factors.
How papillomavirus spreads
The main route of HPV transmission is through intimate intercourse, including oral and anal intercourse. Often, papillomavirus is diagnosed against a background of acute and chronic sexual infections, in people who have close relationships with different partners.
But papillomavirus can enter the body through close household contact, damaged skin and mucous membranes. Newborns can be infected by mothers who are carriers of genital warts, a form of human papillomavirus infection. The child became infected while passing through a woman's birth canal. HPV affects the skin and mucous membranes, causing the appearance of common warts, papillomas, and genital warts.
The strength of the immune system plays a major role in the development of HPV. The weaker the immune system, the higher the risk of a person becoming infected with the human papillomavirus virus. Patients with diabetes mellitus, hormonal disorders, weak bodies, pregnant women and children, as well as people with chronic urogenital infections are particularly vulnerable.
Principles of treating papilloma in the body
Drug therapy includes the intake of antiviral drugs that suppress the active multiplication of HPV. But such funds are often used as part of a complex treatment, before or after the removal of slightly invasive papillomas. Special antiviral drugs slow down the reproduction of papillomavirus virus and reduce the risk of recurrent disease in the future.
The earlier therapy is started, the lower the risk of tissue malignancy. The ideal time for treatment is the first months after the onset of neoplasms. Therapy courses also include the use of immunostimulatory agents that support the activity of the immune system and prevent the occurrence of frequent exacerbations of the disease. Recurrent human papillomavirus infection can be accompanied by the formation of papilloma not only on the body, but also on the genitals, in the urinary organs, and on the oral mucosa. The course of this disease is special for people who have undergone complex surgical interventions, prolonged infectious diseases, hormonal disorders.
Surgical removal of papilloma on the body
Surgical treatment of papilloma on the body is the most appropriate classic option for most patients. After examining and obtaining diagnostic data, the doctor selects the appropriate method to get rid of the neoplasm.
Key tips for getting rid of papilloma on the body:
- active growth of papillomatous outgrowths;
- the appearance of neoplasms in places where they are often damaged and inflamed;
- Chronic human papillomavirus infection, common worsening;
- high oncogenic risk, history of predisposition to malignant neoplasms;
- the appearance of pain in the papilloma area, discoloration and neoplasm shape
Pregnancy tactics are practiced by specialists when papillomas appear during pregnancy and during lactation. Often, papillomatous growths disappear on their own after childbirth and recovery of hormone levels in a woman.
How to get rid of papilloma on the body
The minimally invasive method of getting rid of papillomas on the body allows you to get rid of almost bloodless neoplasms, to preserve most of the healthy skin. If there is no risk of tissue malignancy, the following surgical methods can be used:
- radio wave therapy (removal of genital warts with a radio knife);
- cryodestruction (burning warts with low temperature liquid nitrogen);
- laser coagulation (vaporization of pathological neoplasms with laser);
- electrocoagulation (use of high frequency current).
Classic surgical excision with a scalpel is used for large tissue lesions and severe papillomatosis. But experts, if possible, prefer minimally invasive treatment methods. Often, papillomas on the body are removed using a laser. This method is characterized by minimal damage, leaving no scars and spots on the skin. Lasers have an anti-inflammatory effect, which allows for minimally invasive surgery with minimal risk of secondary infection.
You can also use a radio wave device, which removes contactless neoplasms under local anesthesia. Under the action of high-frequency radio waves, the structure of the neoplasm is destroyed and the pathological tissue evaporates, its clotting occurs - a kind of "sealing", which prevents bleeding from the wound.
Treatment of papilloma with cryodestruction is becoming more widespread. This technique is based on the use of liquid nitrogen, which freezes all layers of the neoplasm, after which the papilloma disappears, and in its place after a few months there will be nothing but small spots that cannot be seen. Electrocoagulation is used to remove a single papilloma. With an electrocoagulator loop, the doctor cuts off the papilloma leg, burns its base and closes the tissue to prevent bleeding.
Surgical methods to remove genital warts and warts are only used in medical institutions. For the prevention of recurrent papilloma, antiviral therapy is prescribed. Also, people suffering from papilloma are advised to visit a specialist regularly and undergo tests. Women who have had a papilloma, especially in the genital area, should undergo smears and other laboratory tests 2-3 times a year.